|The ancient site of Delphi, the site of the Sanctuary and Oracle of god Apollo, was considered as the “navel of the earth” in ancient times. Delphi was the largest religious and spiritual centre in ancient Greece, whose reputation and prestige of which had spread throughout the Mediterranean. It is here where the rulers of antiquity came for many centuries for political and moral guidance, and for advices concerning war, peace, or even personal matters. Gradually, however with the advent of Christianity, the oracle fell into decline and was abandoned.
The traditional settlement of contemporary Delphi is located just a few meters to the west of the ancient site. Today, Delphi boasts a very good tourism infrastructure, folk-art shops, restaurants, coffee bars, night clubs, hotels, rooms for rent, travel agencies, outdoor camping, pharmacy, medical facilities, banks, post office and many more. Tumbling down Mt. Parnassus, the immense field of Krissaio Pedio (Krisean Field) stretches smoothly toward the lacy gulfs of Kirra, Itea and Galaxidi.
History: The early traces of human presence in Delphi date back to the Mycenaean Era, when the deity of Mother Earth was worshiped. The development of the Sanctuary and Oracle began in the next period (11th to 9th centuries BC), with the establishment of the cult of Apollo. Soon, it gained political importance, as it became the seat of one of the mightiest amphictyoniae, or holly alliances, spreading the message of friendship, brotherhood and peaceful coexistence. In 385 AD the Sanctuary was abandoned. Today, visitors can marvel at several preserved architectural monuments, such as the Temple of Athena Pronaia, the Sanctuary of Pythios Apollo, the Gymnasium, the Stadium and the preserved remains of the Castallia Spring. Originally built in the 4th century BC, the Theatre of the Sanctuary today hosts theatrical and musical performances.
THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM OF DELPHI
The recently renovated Museum is located between the archaeological site and the town of Delphi. It contains exclusive finds, including the archaic statues of Cleobis and Biton, the Navel of the Earth, the Sphinx of the Naxians, the marble statue of Aghias, the Column of the Dancers, the bronze statue of a charioteer, metopes from the Treasury of the Athenians, chryselephantine statues and the frieze from the Treasury of the Siphnians.
Tel: +30 22650 82312, 82346, 82313.
ANGELOS SIKELIANOS MUSEUM
In the late 20’s, Greek poet Angelos Sikelianos and his American-born wife, Eva Palmer, strove to revive Delphi as the spiritual and cultural centre of the world. The Delphic Festival Museum is housed in the house built by Sikelianos in 1924-1927 on the NE side of the village.
Tel: +30 22650 82175
CHRISSO: Nestled since time immemorial at the feet of imposing Mt. Parnassos, the village of Chrisso was named after the ancient town of “Krisa”, built, according to Homer, in the 14th and 15th centuries BC. The Hippodrome of Delphi where the world famous “Pithia” races were held, was situated at the outskirts of the plain located south of Krisa. Today, Chrisso is a quaint little town, lined with neoclassical houses rising among thick olive groves and beautiful stone churches. At a distance of 4 kilometres, the road takes to the historic monastery of Prophet Ilias, built on a panoramic location. It is here where the Roumeli Independence War against the Ottomans started in 1821.
Tel: +30 22650 82026, Fax: +30 22650 82373