This well-forested region on the slopes of the verdant Pindos mountains strewn with charming hamlets is the ideal destination for travelers enjoying peace, fresh mountain air, climbing, ski, river fishing and hunting. This is the where Valia Calda, the National Park of Pindos is located – a valuable habitat for the brown bear and one of the most important national parks in Greece – featuring impressive views, lush vegetation, large waterfalls and small rivers with a lot of water and strong currents.
Visitors are captivated by the area's natural beauty. In older days, Grevena was a transportation junction between Macedonia, northwestern Thessaly and Epirus, as evidenced by the stone bridges that have survive, with the most impressive being the Aziz Aga bridge, known for its high arch, the highest in Greece.
Built at 543 metres above sea-level on the banks of Grevenitis river, the namesake capital is a modern city with restaurants, tavernas, a cinema and an open-air theatre, cool climate and an ideal starting point for short escapades in the region.
At an altitude of 900 metres -- 23 kilometres out of capital Grevena – at the village of Zakas is the cave of Mt. Orliakas, while a second cave is located at the nearby village of Spilaio (cave) hanging onto a cliff. Also well-worth a visit are the Byzantine monastery of the Virgin Evangelistria at Paliouria and the monastery of Zavorda on Mt. Kallistraton founded by Hossios Nikanor in the 16th century. Samarina, another charming village is built on the slopes of Mt. Smolikas at 1,450 metres above sea level, featuring lush greenery and spectacular scenery. Other villages that deserve a stop – all of them overlooking fir, pine and willow forests – are Kipourio, Krania, Deskati, Avdela, Polineri, Smixi and Alatopetra. At the Neolithic Settlement at Knide excavations have brought to light the remains of a mattle-and-daub structure, along with pottery and a quantify of small objects.
The prefecture's economy relies on farming, agriculture, ecotourism, forest industry and the ski-resort of Vasilitsa -- a popular destination for winter holidays – while the majority of the population is engaged in agriculture and stock breeding.